Narcissistic Personality Disorder

Even though there are several different types of personality disorders, we will be talking about one specific disorder, which is narcissistic personality disorder. But what exactly is narcissistic personality disorder?

Narcissistic Personality Disorder:

a disorder in which a person has an inflated sense of self-importance.


A brief overview of what NPD is can also be defined as this by Mayo Clinic https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/narcissistic-personality-disorder/symptoms-causes/syc-20366662: “Narcissistic personality disorder — one of several types of personality disorders — is a mental condition in which people have an inflated sense of their own importance, a deep need for excessive attention and admiration, troubled relationships, and a lack of empathy for others. But behind this mask of extreme confidence lies a fragile self-esteem that’s vulnerable to the slightest criticism.”

What are the causes?

Even though nobody is certain what can cause this personality disorder, there is some speculation that genetic defects may be the culprit. Healthline https://www.healthline.com/health/narcissistic-personality-disorder#causes states that some environmental factors that contribute to this disorder forming may include:

• childhood abuse or neglect

• excessive parental parenting

• unrealistic expectations from parents

• sexual promiscuity

• cultural influences

Symptoms of NPD

A list of symptoms include but are not limited to:

• excessive need for admiration

• disregard for others feelings

• inability to handle criticism

• sense of entitlement

• exaggerate achievements and talents

Diagnosis and treatment

To get a diagnosis for NPD, first you need to take a physical exam to make sure an actual physical problem isn’t causing your symptoms. After that you will complete a psychological evaluation and you will also talk with your doctor regarding if you fit the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Here Medscape

https://www.medscape.com/answers/1519417-101764/what-are-the-dsm-5-diagnostic-criteria-for-narcissistic-personality-disorder-npd explains the criteria in the manual:

“NPD is defined as comprising a pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), a constant need for admiration, and a lack of empathy, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by the presence of at least 5 of the following 9 criteria”:

• A grandiose sense of self-importance

• A preoccupation with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love

• A belief that he or she is special and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people or institutions

• A need for excessive admiration

• A sense of entitlement

• Interpersonally exploitive behavior

• A lack of empathy

• Envy of others or a belief that others are envious of him or her

• A demonstration of arrogant and haughty behaviors or attitudes

There isn’t any medication you can take to treat this personality disorder, but you may attend psychotherapy, which is basically talk therapy. Attending therapy can help you relate to others while increasing your understanding about managing your feelings.

Resources

How to Leave a Narcissist/Toxic Relationship

https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/toxic-relationships/201904/how-leave-narcissist-or-toxic-relationship

Narcissism and Abuse https://www.thehotline.org/2016/08/30/narcissism-and-abuse/

Helpful Recourses

https://www.psycom.net/personality-disorders/narcissistic/#helpfulresources

11 Signs You’re With a Narcissist

https://www.healthline.com/health/mental-health/am-i-dating-a-narcissist

10 Symptoms of a Narcissist

https://10faq.com/health/narcissistic-personality-disorder-symptoms/?utm_source=7017173049&utm_campaign=2035932679&utm_medium=73045606798&utm_content=73045606798&utm_term=narcissistic personality disorder&gclid=CjwKCAjw74b7BRA_EiwAF8yHFFx5iOF5LVfWqLugkKlG3MScXhKhc-2daFyqGRpHm7Z8ZFylm-POEBoCpH4QAvD_BwE

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